This sail plan on a three masted square rigged ship, typical of Loch Line vessels, uses a print from a 'pierhead artist' painting of the Loch Garry in full sail as an illustration.

Minor variations were to be found from ship to ship. Some (including the Loch Garry herself) also carried skysails above the royals, and even studding sails or stunsails set from booms rigged out from both yardarms of the topsail and topgallant yards of the fore and mainmasts to temporarily extend the area of the topsails and topgallants. Further additional small sails or 'kites' had many romantic sounding names - moonsails, heavenpoker, angelpoker, cloud disturber and so on, but were very rarely used.

'The twist in the sail'. Most photographs of windjammers under sail (including this family photograph of the Loch Long entering Port Phillip Bay) show a 'twist in the sails'. The sails are set in 'corkscrew' fashion with the upper yards progressively trimmed further aft than the lower ones. This was always deemed to be the most efficient trim, but there was always much discussion as to exactly why this was..



1. Fore mast

12. Fore upper topgallant

23. Mizzen royal staysail

2. Main mast

13. Fore royal

24. Mizzen topgallant staysail

3. Mizzen mast

14. Main royal staysail

25. Mizzen topmast staysail

4. Flying jib

15. Main topgallant staysail

26. Main spencer

5. Outer jib

16. Main topmast staysail

27. Crossjack, mizzen course

6. Inner jib

17. Main course

28. Mizzen lower topsail

7. Fore topmast staysail

18. Main lower topsail

29. Mizzen upper topsail

8. Fore course

19. Main upper topsail

30. Mizzen lower topgallant sail

9. Fore lower topsail

20. Main lower topgallant

31. Mizzen upper topgallant

10. Fore upper topsail

21. Main upper topgallant

32. Mizzen royal

11. Fore lower topgallant

22. Main royal

33. Spanker



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